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Compressing a string

Compress content: gzcompress()

If you have some content in string format you can try to save space (in terms of bytes) compressing it.

For example, after performing serializing array or a big object you may want to compress the string obtained to save space.

Let’s try to do this:

  • define an array,
  • serialize the array into a string
  • compress the string

After serializing and after compressing you could check the size of the string, and you will see that you can save 50% of the space.

$array = [
['product' => 'Desk', 'price' => 200],
['product' => 'Chair', 'price' => 100],
['product' => 'Bookcase', 'price' => 150],
['product' => 'Door', 'price' => 100],
$string = serialize($array);
echo "Size after serialize : " . strlen($string) . PHP_EOL;
echo "Size after compress : " . strlen(gzcompress($string)) . PHP_EOL;

You can set the level of compression, from 0 to 9. 0 means no compression, 9 means maximum compression (slower), the default is 6.